What is Coaching?
Definition of Coaching according to ICF
Coaching is partnering with clients in a thought-provoking and creative process that
inspires them to maximize their personal and professional potential.
Essence of ICF definition is that coaching is the process that is:
The Coach's role in coaching relationship
+ Discover, clarify and align with what the client wants to achieve
+ Encourage client self-discovery
+ Elicit client-generated solutions and strategies
+ Hold the client responsible and accountable
What Coaching is NOT
- Therapy, nor Counselling
- Training, nor Athletic Development
Differences with other disciplines
Coaching and Therapy/Counselling
The coach, as a professional, does not carry out prevention or treatment activities regarding diseases or discomforts, does not have an interpretative approach and does not make a personality diagnosis, does not make assessments of the person of any kind. If necessary, coach can use questionnaires only to stimulate the person's awareness of specific behaviors. It also does not offer psychological support.
The coaching relationship with respect to the counselling one is not a helping relationship but an equal partnership relationship between a Coach and a Client. The coach, as a professional, does not offer solutions to existential discomforts, does not explore the past, but rather supports the Client in recognizing his / her thinking patterns and activating all internal resources to achieve the goal she / he self-defined.
Coaching and Consulting
Consulting has an advice or input element. Coaching's focus is on individual change, using a facilitative style. Consulting in contrast is more likely to be about providing expert advice to individuals, teams or the board. (Passmore, Sinclair, 2020)
Coaching and Mentoring
Coaching and mentoring are often considered to sit on a continuum. Both coaching and mentoring are concerned with personal and professional development, but the amount of input by the coach-mentor increases as one moves along the continuum toward mentoring.
In this sense, mentoring may be better regarded as a form of tutelage, where a more senior, or experienced, mentor shares their knowledge and insights with a more junior or less experienced mentee about how to improve in a specific job, role, vocation or organization. (Passmore, Sinclair, 2020)